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The large scale destruction and looting of cultural property during WWII led to many measures intended to protect European cultural heritage during the war as well as to the establishment of the International Military Tribunal to try and punish those involved in crimes against cultural property.
The 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in Times of Armed Conflict and its First Protocol were adopted after a meeting of representatives of the United Nations under the auspices of UNESCO. Today there are 126 state parties to the convention.
1863 Lieber Code »
1880 Oxford Manual »
1899 & 1907 Hague Conventions »
1935 Roerich Pact »
1954 Hague Convention »